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Linguistic Definition of Particle

Particles in English grammar are function words that express grammatical relationships with other words. Function words perform definite grammatical functions but lack definite lexical meaning.

Particle is a grammatical function.

The grammatical form that can function as the particle in English grammar is the p-word.

The p-words of phrasal verbs, quasi-modal verbs, and some determiners function as particles.

References

Brinton, Laurel J. & Donna M. Brinton. 2010. The linguistic structure of Modern English, 2nd edn. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Company.
Hopper, Paul J. 1999. A short course in grammar. New York: W. W. Norton & Company.
Huddleston, Rodney. 1984. Introduction to the grammar of English. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

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